November is National Diabetes Month
An estimated 9%, about 29.1 million people in the United States suffer from diabetes. Of this number only 21 million have been diagnosed, leaving 27.8% of people with diabetes undiagnosed.
Diabetes is a disease where blood glucose levels are above normal. When someone who is not diabetic eats, their pancreas produces a hormone called insulin to help move glucose into their cells for energy. If you are diabetic, you do not have the ability to produce or do not produce enough insulin to move glucose into your cells. When the sugar builds up you end up with a high blood sugar or what we call diabetes.
There are three different types of diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy when you don’t make enough insulin and is treated with diet, exercise, checking blood sugar levels and sometimes medication.
Type 1 diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes happens when your beta cells are destroyed and this no longer allows you to produce insulin. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes insulin injections, monitoring blood glucose levels, healthy eating and exercise.
Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes occurs when you produce some insulin but it is not used effectively. Treatment includes weight loss, oral medication, healthy diet and sometimes insulin. You can reduce your risk with moderate weight loss and exercise and being tested for diabetes once you turn 45.
Did you know that according to the CDC, 70% of people with diabetes also have high blood pressure causing them to be at higher risk for cardiovascular disease? If your diabetes is left uncontrolled it can significantly alter your daily life. Diabetes can increase your risk of eye disease, kidney disease and nerve damage, as well as affect your digestion, oral health and mood.
You can lower your risks of complications by:
- Testing your blood sugar daily
- Eating a low fat diet
- Eating 5 fruits and vegetable daily
- Making your grains whole grains
- Being active for at least 30 minutes 5 days a week
- Working with your medical provider.
Once diagnosed, to stay healthy, you should check your blood pressure at each doctor visit, check your feet for sores, check your A1C at least twice a year, check kidney function once yearly and check your blood lipids and triglycerides once yearly. You should also talk and meet with your endocrinologist regularly to maintain good control of your diabetes.
You can also visit http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/consumer/problems.htm and http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ for more information.
Elderly Mortgage Assistance Program
In February 2010, US Treasury created the "Housing Finance Agency (HFA) Innovation Fund for the Hardest-Hit Housing Markets" and allocated funds under the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) to five states: Arizona, California, Florida, Michigan and Nevada. Click here for more information.
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Grandparents Raising Grandchildren
Monthly Educational Workshops
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